Funnel chest is a congenital deformity of the chest wall in which abnormal growth of the sternum and several ribs causes the anterior chest wall to appear caved-in. Almost all deformities of the chest wall are caused by funnel chest syndrome, and it occurs once in every 300 to 400 births. Your child is complaining of heel or ankle pain after running or playing a sport. He may have trouble putting weight on that foot. You suspect a sprain, or even a fracture, possibly involving the growth plate. This injury is also commonly referred to as a Salter Harris fracture or injury. It requires immediate treatment. If you are thinking about purchasing a pair of shoes for yourself, make sure that your decision is not just based on the shoe size and the outward appearance. While you wouldn't have a problem finding a footwear of your size, you need to ensure that the footwear provides ample support to the arches. If you thought of footwear as a fashion accessory, it's time to change the way you think. Did you know that wearing ill-fitting footwear is one of the most common causes of arch pain? If you often experience arch pain, the wise thing to do would be to buy shoes that have arch support. For a normal arch you have a few options. Some pronation or rolling inward of the arch is actually a good thing as this helps to absorb some of the impact shock. With a more normal foot type and normal amount of pronation you can probably get away with either a stability shoe with a moderate amount of support or even a neutral cushioned shoe with no added support if you happen to be a lightweight runner. Flat Feet leave an imprint wide at the arch with little details. They have low arches and usually pronate (roll inwards) excessively. These feet can be very flexible and unstable. Orthotic posting will depend on the primary site contributingto the deformity but should only be prescribed based on theavailable ROM. A wide, neutral rearfoot post will increase thelateral ground reaction force at heel strike. Deep heel cups willalso help control the tendency toward inversion. Patients withan anterior cavus essentially have a dropped forefoot, which cansometimes be offset by a heel raise extending to the mid arch. Eventually, there will be a number of options and brands specializing in high arch shoes. Pick the one which you feel comfortable in. It is your choice totally and has to be determined on the basis of fitting, comfort, value for money, and aesthetics! Plantar fasciitis is a condition of the ligaments in the feet. If you are experiencing persistent pain in the arch of your foot, or sometimes the heel, you may be suffering from it. This is caused by inflammation in the connective tissue that runs throughout the arch of your foot and connects the toes to the heel. The pain is often worst in the morning, but lasts throughout the day. The pain may be most intense when you put strain on the arch of your foot. If you ignore the problem it can become a chronic medical condition that may even prevent you from functioning as a normal human being. My feet have always been labor intensive. When I first learned to walk, our family doctor advised my mother that my high arches were a problem. This led to many years of tears over black patent leather Mary Janes and later penny loafers. Instead of these pretty and popular shoes, my feet were forced into leather lace up shoes with design features appealing only to women over 90 who were legally blind to boot. Thus, shoes were a source of shame and humiliation long before my feet ever started bothering me. The Asics GT 2150 won the Editor's Choice award at Runner's World magazine. This shoe is designed with neutral pronating runners in mind who plan on covering long distances. Features include a gel system for greater cushioning in the rear and forefoot, a wicking sockliner, reflective material for safety and a double midsole for increased stability. Specifications include a weight of 11.6 oz., width choices of 2E, 4E and 4B and a 2010 price of $100. If you have Marfan related scoliosis of 20-40 degrees, you can be treated with a brace and physical therapy. For scoliosis greater than 45 degrees, you will need surgery.